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Mengenal Demam Cikungunya E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 10 March 2009 12:35

"CIKUNGUNYA FEVER "

MENGENAL “ DEMAM CIKUNGUNYA”
 

Recently, people in Indonesia are generally surprised by the outbreak of febrile illness that attacks all parties, both men and women, young and old, rich or poor, intellectual or illiterate, in essence, anyone can suffer a terrible fever.

Akhir-akhir ini masyarakat di Indonesia pada umumnya dikejutkan oleh adanya wabah penyakit demam yang menyerang semua pihak, baik pria maupun wanita, muda maupun tua, kaya maupun miskin, intelektual maupun buta huruf, pada pokoknya siapa saja bisa menderita demam yang menakutkan itu.

Actually, such an ordinary fever occurs, ie high heat illness accompanied by pain around the joints in the body, making it difficult to move the body even difficult to walk and daily activities. People suffering from the flu virus will also cause similar symptoms, especially if suffering from flu "bone". The differences that occur are: the type of virus and host (vector) of transmitting the disease from one person to another person. If the flu virus that had been friendly with us can be transmitted directly through the air and direct contact with flu patients, but Chikungunya fever is transmitted only through mosquito bites of Aedes aegypti mosquito is a small striped / black spots, which we know as well as a carrier (vector) Dengue fever, Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF = Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever) and yellow fever (yellow fever).

Sebenarnya demam semacam itu biasa saja terjadi, yaitu panas tinggi disertai dengan sakit nyeri seluruh persendian di tubuh, sehingga sulit menggerakkan tubuh bahkan sulit untuk berjalan maupun aktifitas sehari-hari. Orang yang menderita virus flu juga akan mengakibatkan gejala yang sama , apalagi kalau menderita flu “tulang”. Perbedaan yang terjadi adalah : pada jenis virus dan pembawa (vektor) penular penyakit dari orang satu ke orang yang lain. Apabila pada virus flu yang selama ini ramah dengan kita dapat menular secara langsung melalui udara dan kontak langsung dengan penderita flu, tetapi demam Chikungunya ditularkan hanya melalui gigitan nyamuk Aedes aegypti yaitu nyamuk kecil belang/berbintik hitam, yang kita kenal juga sebagai pembawa (vektor) penyakit demam Dengue , demam berdarah Dengue ( DHF = Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever ) maupun demam kuning (yellow fever).

According to WHO, Chikungunya fever is categorized as  infectious disease  caused by a virus and transmitted by mosquito / insect (Arthropods borne viral fever), where the cause is included in Group A arbovirus virus that is: Chikungunya (TH 35), Bebaru, Eastern equine, Mayaro (Uruma), Mucambo , O'nyong-nyong (Gulu), Pixuna, Ross fever, Semliki forest and Sindbis all of which are transmitted by mosquitoes and causes fever, encephalitis, dengue fever and poliartritis. Chikungunya fever has been spreading in hot climates in Africa, Southeast Asia and Asia in general, while in Indonesia since 1983 has been detected in Riau, Jambi, Bangka Island, Pontianak, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and other areas that  Aedes aegypti mosquito can live. So the fever is not going to happen if there were no mosquitoes Aedes aegypti at the same time there is no source of Chikungunya virus. So people are very easy to avoid and much easier than on avoiding the flu virus is very easily transmitted directly through the air.

Menurut WHO, demam Chikungunya termasuk penyakit menular yang disebabkan virus dan ditularkan nyamuk/serangga (Arthropods borne viral fever), dimana penyebabnya termasuk dalam virus Arbovirus Group A yaitu : Chikungunya (TH 35), Bebaru, Eastern equine, Mayaro (Uruma), Mucambo, O’nyong-nyong (Gulu), Pixuna, Ross fever, Semliki forest dan Sindbis yang kesemuanya ditularkan melalui nyamuk dan menyebabkan demam, encephalitis,demam berdarah maupun poliartritis. Demam Chikungunya telah lama menyebar di daerah beriklim panas di Afrika, Asia Tenggara dan Asia pada umumnya, sedangkan di Indonesia telah terdeteksi sejak tahun 1983 di Riau, Jambi, Pontianak, Jakarta, Yogyakarta dan lain-lain daerah yang dapat hidup nyamuk Aedes aegypti. Jadi demam ini tidak akan terjadi kalau tidak ada gigitan nyamuk Aedes aegypti sekaligus tidak ada sumber virus Chikungunya. Sehingga orang sangat mudah untuk menghindarinya dan jauh lebih mudah dari pada menghindari virus flu yang sangat mudah menular langsung lewat udara.

How to prevent from Aedes Aegypti Mosquito ?

Bagaimana menghindari nyamuk Aedes Aegypti ?

Actually It is easy, if we know well the life cycle of this mosquito and way of its life. Mosquito life cycle consists of: Eggs, usually attached to the wall of water storage containers, damp and somewhat dark, and then larvae / mosquito larvae, live in the container / place to store water is crystal clear: bathtub, jars, tires, etc., and whose life Pupa together with the larvae but the rounded shape, and the last is the adult mosquitoes that like to stick on hangers in the rooms are quite dark, quite dark and goods anywhere. They suck blood in order to meet the needs of the development of mosquito eggs (female).

Sebenarnya mudah, jika kita kenal baik siklus hidup dan cara hidup nyamuk ini. Siklus kehidupan nyamuk terdiri dari : Telur,biasanya menempel pada dinding wadah penyimpanan air yang lembab dan agak gelap, kemudian Larva/jentik nyamuk, hidup di wadah/tempat menyimpan air yang jernih: bak mandi, tempayan, ban bekas dll, lalu Kepompong yang hidupnya sama dengan larva tetapi bentuknya membulat, dan terakhir adalah Nyamuk dewasa yang suka menempel pada gantungan baju di kamar yang agak gelap, maupun barang yang agak gelap dimana saja. Mereka menghisap darah guna memenuhi kebutuhan perkembangan telur nyamuk (betina) itu.

So the recipe: find out where to live and shape as well as mosquito Aedes aegypti larvae, clean / drain water and bath tub, get rid of useless container that can contain water in our pages, sinarilah room and open our windows and avoid mosquito bites by any means. This will avoid the disease as well as Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) are scary all at once terrifying because it can cause death.

Jadi resepnya : kenali tempat hidup serta bentuk jentik maupun nyamuk Aedes aegypti, bersihkan/kuras bak air dan bak mandi, buanglah wadah yang tidak berguna yang dapat berisi air di halaman kita, sinarilah kamar dan bukalah jendela kita dan hindari gigitan nyamuk dengan cara apapun. Ini sekaligus juga akan menghindari penyakit demam berdarah Dengue (DHF) yang menakutkan sekaligus mengerikan karena dapat menimbulkan kematian.
 
Treatment Chikungunya fever is simpler because it is not lethal and does not cause bleeding. Chikungunya fever sufferers need a vitamin (B and C) and nutrient (protein, fat and carbs) is good, full rest at home and try to reduce the physical movements, 5-7 days would be healed and healthy again. Hopefully we can beware.

Pengobatan demam Chikungunya lebih sederhana karena tidak mematikan dan tidak menyebabkan perdarahan. Penderita demam Chikungunya memerlukan vitamin (B dan C) dan gizi (protein, lemak dan karbohidrat) yang baik, istirahat penuh di rumah dan usahakan untuk mengurangi gerakan fisik, niscaya 5-7 hari akan sembuh dan sehat kembali. Semoga kita dapat mewaspadainya.

The previous CDC SARS case definition (published March 29, 2003) has been updated to clarify that CDC's definition of travel to areas of suspected or documented community transmission of SARS includes airport transit.

Suspected Case:

Respiratory illness of unknown etiology with onset since February 1, 2003, and the following criteria:

1. Measured temperature greater than 100.4° F (greater than 38° C) AND

2. One or more clinical findings of respiratory illness (e.g. cough, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, hypoxia, or radiographic findings of either pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome) AND

3. Travel within 10 days of onset of symptoms to an area with documented or suspected community transmission of SARS (see list below; excludes areas with secondary cases limited to healthcare workers or direct household contacts)
OR
Close contact* within 10 days of onset of symptoms with either a person with a respiratory illness who traveled to a SARS area or a person known to be a suspect SARS case.

Travel includes transit in an airport in an area with documented or suspected community transmission of SARS

* Close contact is defined as having cared for, having lived with, or having direct contact with respiratory secretions and/or body fluids of a patient known to be suspect SARS case.

Areas with documented or suspected community transmission of SARS: Peoples' Republic of China (i.e., mainland China and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region); Hanoi, Vietnam; and Singapore

Note: Suspect cases with either radiographic evidence of pneumonia or respiratory distress syndrome; or evidence of unexplained respiratory distress syndrome by autopsy are designated "probable" cases by the WHO case definition.

Nyamuk yang menularkan demam berdarah dan cikungunya berasal dari keluarga yang sama, yakni Aedes aegypti dan Aedes albophilus. Demam berdarah mematikan, sedangkan cikungunya tidak, walau gejala awalnya hampir sama," katanya.

Related Article :

- Waspadai Chikungunya 

- Yellow Fever

- Malaria Disease 
 


Learn more about Chikungnya Fever from this books below
Pelajari mengenai Demam Chikungunya dari buku-buku di bawah ini 





 


Last Updated on Sunday, 07 July 2013 09:41
 

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