Digital SLR Photography

Tags: Digital SLR Photography, Single Lens Reflex

Digital SLR Photography

Digital cameras have been around for a number of years. If the individual has a lot of fun using it, perhaps it is time to move up by investing in something better that is available in the market. Technology has paved the way for the creation of the digital SLR camera.

Camera digital telah ada sejak bertahun-tahun. Jika seseorang mempunyai hobby menggunakan Camera digital, mungkin ini saatnya untuk bergerak lebih maju dengan menginvestasikan sesuatu yang lebih baik yang tersedia di pasaran. Teknologi telah membuka cara untuk menciptakan Camera Digital SLR.

The SLR stands for single lens reflex. In fact, many photographers have decided to use this more often. This is because it gives the user more control in the look of the final product.

SLR adalah singkatan dari Single Lens Reflex. Kenyataannya, banyak fotografer telah memutuskan untuk menggunakan SLR lebih sering. Hal ini karena SLR memberikan user lebih banyak control pada hasil akhir dari produk.

When the SLR first came out, this was sold at about $5,000 a piece. With the increasing demand in the market, manufacturers have came out with different models so the average person can buy one of these for less than a thousand. Those who want to do better with the more affordable version then will have to buy extra lenses.

Ketika pertama kali SLR keluar dijual dengan harga $ 5000 per piece. Seiring dengan peningkatan kebutuhan di pasaran, pabrikan telah menghasilkan model-model yang berbeda sehingga orang rata – rata dapat membeli satu dari salah satunya yang kurang dari seribu dollar. Bagi yang menginginkan mengerjakan lebih baik dengan versi yang lebih terjangkau kemudian akan membeli lensa-lensa extra.

The SLR stands out because of the lens used in the camera. This just proves that the piece of glass in this device really makes a difference when the pictures are developed. The user can change the lens to get a farther shot but this will really boil down to the contrast and color.

SLR menonjol karena lensa yang digunakan pada camera. Hal ini membuktikan bahwa sebuah glass pada peralatan yang sesungguhnya membuat sebuah perbedaan ketika gambar di kembangkan. User dapat merubah lensa untuk menge-shoot lebih jauh tetapi hal ini akan mencerahkan contrast dan warna.

Another nice feature about the SLR is that it comes with controls allowing the owner to change certain things in the photo before it is downloaded and printed. This may be complicated for those who are not familiar with it so the user should get comfortable with the camera before using it.

Fitur lain yang bagus mengenai SLR adalah datang dengan control yang mengijinkan pemiliknya untuk merubah hal – hal tertentu dalam foto sebelum di download dan di cetak. Hal ini rumit untuk bagi orang-orang yang tidak biasa sehingga user harus merasa nyaman dengan camera sebelum menggunakannya.

There are many brands of SLR cameras in the market. All of these manufacturers have been in the business for quite some time, which makes it hard to recommend which one is the best to invest in.

Ada banyak merek camera SLR di pasaran. Semua pabrikan telah ada di business ini cukup lama, yang membuat sulit untuk merekomendasikan yang satu mana merupakan investasi terbaik.

Photographers and other hobbyists then should go with the brand that the individual is familiar with and use this to get those digital SLR shots. After all, this is the only way to use this piece of equipment and get the money's worth out of this investment.

Fotografer dan orang – orang yang hobby fotografi harus memilih merek yang orang-orang familiar dan menggunakan camera ini untuk memperoleh jepretan digital SLR. Ini adalah hanya sebuah cara untuk menggunakan peralatan ini dan memperoleh uang untuk membiayai investasi.

The owner of the camera should also know how to store and clean the SLR camera. It is only with proper maintenance and storage that excellent shots can be taken every time this is brought out.

Pemilik camera harus mengetahui bagaimana menyimpan dan membersihkan camera SLR. Hanya dengan pemeliharaan dan penyimpanan yang tepat yang dapat memberikan hasil jepretan yang bagus setiap kali camera ini di bawa.

I am assuming that you are holding or looking at buying a digital SLR or film camera body and one lens to start with. I would recommend either a 50mm standard, or a wide angle zoom such as a 24-85mm or 35-135mm lens. These give you the ability to photograph the more every day subjects which is a good place to start yes ?

Saya mengganggap bahwa anda sedang memegang atau melihat sebuah digital SLR pada saat membeli atau memegang camera film dan satu lensa untuk memulai. Saya akan merekomendasikan sebuah lensa standard 50mm atau sebuah lensa dengan sudut zoom yang lebar seperti 24-85mm atau 35-135mm.

A typical Digital SLR would look like this...

Sebuah bentuk Digital SLR akan menyerupai seperti ini...

...Let's look at each individual section of a digital SLR in more detail.

  1. Lens Alignment - Each lens you use will have a similar red dot. It allows you to align, twist and click the lens in place more easily.
  2. Pelurusan lensa. Setiap lensa yang anda gunakan akan mempunyai titik merah yang sama. Hal ini mengijinkan anda untuk meluruskan, memutar dan mengclick lensa pada tempatnya secara lebih mudah.
  3. Flash Pop Up Button - Press this to activate the pop up flash. There will be similar buttons on all makes of camera. It is a kind of manual over-ride, useful for fill-in flash etc. If in full auto mode, the camera will decide whether or not to use the flash.
  4. Tombol lampu Flash Pop Up – Tekan tombol ini untuk mengaktifkan lampu flash. Akan ada tombol yang sama pada semua camera yang dibuat. Ini merupakan bentuk dari manual over-ride, sangat berguna untuk mengisi lampu flash. Jika pada mode full automatis, camera akan menentukan apakah akan menggunakan lampu flash atau tidak.

  5. Lens Release - By pressing this in, you allow the lens to be twisted and released. Note : Try to change lenses out of dusty areas and try to have the camera switched off. The static produced when the camera is on will attract dust to the sensor.

  6. Melepaskan Lensa.Dengan menekan tombol ini, anda membolehkan lensa di putas dan dilepas. Coba untuk mengganti lensa pada daerah yang berdebuh dan coba matikan camera. Ketika camera nyala akan menarik debu pada sensornya.

  7. Depth of Field preview - The depth of field determines how much of an image is in focus. For example, if you took a photo of someone with a mountain range in the background, and both the subject and the mountain range are in focus, you have deep or large depth of field. If the subject is in focus but the mountains are blurred, you have shallow or small depth of field. E.g. F16 gives deep depth of field and F2.8 gives shallow depth of field. This button will close the aperture to give you and idea (through the viewfinder) of what will be in focus.

  8. Kedalaman dari bidang preview. Kedalaman dari bidang menentukan bagaimana sebuah gambar berada di dalam focus. Contohnya, Jika anda memotret seseorang dengan background pegunungan, baik subyek dan pegunungan berada di dalam focus, anda memiliki kedalaman dan kelebaran dari bidang. Jika subyek berada dalam focus tetapi pegunungannya blurred, anda memiliki bidang yang dangkal atau bidang dengan kedalaman yang kecil. Contohnya F16 memberikan kedalaman bidang yang dalam dan F2.8 akan memberikan kedalaman bidang yang dangkal. Tombol ini akan menutup celah lobang lensa untuk memberikan anda sebuah idea (melalui view finder) apa yang akan menjadi focus.

  9. Lens contacts - These line up with the contacts of any compatible lenses, allowing the cameras auto focus and other settings to work in time with your lens's settings.

  10. Lensa Contacts. Lensa – lensa ini sejajar dengan lensa – lensa yang compatible dengan lensa contact, memungkinkan camera auto focus dan setting – setting lain untuk bekerja sama dengan setting lensa anda.

  11. Mirror - This mirror allows you to see, through the viewfinder, almost exactly what you will photograph by reflecting the image up, and into the eyepiece. It flips up the instant that you press the shutter release and returns once the picture is taken. Never touch the mirror with your fingers and use special cleaning equipment and solutions. Some mirrors can be replaced but it is costly. Any dust on the mirror will not appear in your photographs, so if in doubt, leave it alone.
  12. Mirror (Kaca). Kaca memungkinkan anda melihat melalui viewfinder, secara hampir tepat apa yang akan anda foto dengan merefleksikan gambar dan masuk kedalam lensa mata. Kaca ini akan muncul segera pada waktu anda menekan shutter dan mengembalikan gambar yang diambil. Jangan sentuh kaca dengan tangan anda dan gunakan pembersih khusus.

  13. Equipment and solutions. Some mirrors can be replaced but it is costly. Any dust on the mirror will not appear in your photographs, so if in doubt, leave it alone.
  14. Peralatan dan solusi. Beberapa kaca dapat diganti tetapi sangat mahal biayanya. Setiap debu pada kaca tidak akan muncul di foto anda, jadi jangan ragu, biarkan saja.

  15. Grip - Grip that is usually rubberised for more effective handling of the (sometimes cumbersome) digital SLR cameras.

  16. Grip. Grip biasanya dilindungi dengan karet untuk lebih efektif memegang camera digital SLR.

  17. Shutter Release Button - Without wanting to state the obvious, this takes the picture at whatever settings you have made. A half press will start the auto focus and exposure calculations.

  18. Tombol Shutter Release. Tanpa ingin menjelaskan, tombol ini mengambil gambar dengan setting apa saja yang telah anda buat. Setengah tekanan akan memulai auto focus dan perhitungan exposure.

  19. Focus Assist Beam - Most modern Digital SLR 's have this now. It illuminates the subject in poor light to assist the auto focus. It will sometimes be used as an indicator for the self timer function (I.e. it will flash and beep during delay).

  20. Focus Assist Beam. Kebanyakan digital SLR modern memilki focus assist beam. Focus assist beam ini menerangi subyek yang kurang cahaya untuk membantu auto focus. Kadang- kadang digunakan sebagai sebuah indicator dari fungsi self timer. ( Akan mem-flash dan berkedip selama delay).

  21. Pop Up Flash - Semi-professional or Prosumer DSLR 's have a built in flash which, when on full auto, will pop up and fire when required. On the manual settings, you will normally have to activate it via a button (see No. 2) for more creative photography.

  22. Pop Flash. Camera Semi Professional dan Prosumer DSLR telah memiliki lampu flash yang built-in, ketika pada mode full auto lampu flash akan muncul dan menyala ketika dibutuhkan. Pada setting manual anda secara normal akan mengaktifkannya melalui sebuah tombol Flash Pop Up. Untuk fotografi yang lebih kreatif.

So that is the front of the camera...the back looks at first glance, to be more complicated.

Digital SLR - Back

  1. Viewfinder - This is where it all happens. With most film or Digital SLR 's, you see about 95-98% of what you shoot. In here you will see the focussing ring at the centre of the image plus most of the other information such as shutter speeds, aperture settings etc.

  2. Dioptre Adjustment - Very handy if you are slightly long or short sighted. As in binoculars, you can adjust the viewfinder to match the difference in your eyes, enabling you to use the camera without your glasses or contact lenses.

  3. Rubber Eyecup - This can be removed but is handy for 2 reasons. If you wear glasses, it will protect the lenses from scratching against the camera. Without glasses, it helps the viewfinder to mould around your eye and eliminate any surrounding glare.

  4. Joystick Dial - On the Canon EOS 20D, this will allow you to move around a menu or image in display mode.

  5. Exposure Lock/Zoom Button - On the Canon EOS 20D, this button serves 2 purposes. Firstly it is the Exposure Lock button. If you aim the camera at a scene and press this, it will record and keep (for a few seconds) that exact exposure whilst you re-compose and shoot. Good for if you are shooting into light and want control over the exposure. Doesn't work in the manual setting. Secondly, when using the image preview screen to look at your exposed images, using this button will zoom in on a specific area.

  6. Focus Point Selector/Zoom Button - Again, on the Canon EOS 20D, this has 2 functions. Firstly, it is the Auto focus point selector. You can choose from a number of points as to which you would like to use. If you select all of them, the camera will pick the best point for individual circumstances, automatically. Secondly, when reviewing your images on the screen, this will zoom out of a specific area.

  7. Write Indication Light - This will vary in its position depending on the camera you are using. When it flashes red, it is writing data from the recently exposed images, to the CF card or other media. If you open the media door whilst it is flashing, you normally lose the images, much like opening the back of a film camera before rewinding the film.

  8. Jog Dial and Set button - The jog dial will scroll through images or items in a menu, and the set button will select an image or setting in the menu.

  9. On/Off Button - Switches the camera power on and off. On the 20D Digital SLR, it also activates/deactivates the jog dial. I normally leave the camera on at all times. The sleep mode kicks in after a few minutes and you can turn the power on quickly and instantly by pressing the shutter button.

  10. Erase Button - Again, its position will vary according to your camera, but this will erase any selected images. You are normally asked first "are you sure" as a safeguard.

  11. Play Button - When the camera is switched on, this will display the last image taken on the small screen. Then you can scroll through all the others.

  12. Jump Button - Used to jump 2 or 3 images or menu items at a time. I rarely use this but is good if you are in a hurry.

  13. Info - By pressing this, you will bring up all the information of any image that you select and view. It will tell you the exposure settings, white balance, date/time, image size, flash details in fact everything about the photo except the name of the subject! The 20D will also highlight any part of the image that is overexposed and burnt out.

  14. Menu Button - This will bring up all the internal menu functions on the screen. You scroll through them using the dial and select buttons. See your camera manual for more details of what your camera can do from here.

  15. Screen - Displays menus and images that have been exposed. It will not display the image (in real time) that you are looking at like most digital compact "point and shoots".

And now the top of the digital SLR camera...we are getting there! If you are confused at this point, take a break, re-read the previous section and have a play with your camera, assuming you have one already. Then come back here to continue.

Dan sekarang pada bagian atas dari digital SLR camera…Mari kita lihat. Jika anda binggung pada point ini, berhenti sejenak, baca bagian sebelumnya dan coba camera anda, anggaplah anda sudah memilikinya. Kemudian kembali ke bagian ini untuk melanjutkan.


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